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    Federal Crimes Statute Tracker

    8 USC 1324 1324a 1325 1326
    18 USC 7 81 111 113 152 153 157 215 228 241 242 247
    471 472 473 474 484 510 542 545 641 656 657 659 842 844 876 922 924
    1001 1014 1015 1028 1029 1030 1111 1112 1113 1114 1153
    1201 1203 1341 1343 1347 1462 1465 1466 1503 1510 1512 1513
    1542 1543 1544 1546 1591 1791 1831 1832 1920
    1952 1955 1956 1957 1958 2113 2119 2241 2242 2243 2244 2251
    2252 2252A 2260 2261A 2312 2313 2314 2315 2320 2332a 2339A 2339B 2421 2422 2423 2511 3146

    21 USC  841 843 844 848 856 952

    26 USC  7207                31 USC  5324 5332    33 USC  1319
    42 USC  408 1320-7b    46 USC  70503          49 USC  46504 46505

    Overview. The trialdex Federal Crimes Statute Tracker displays a visual history of amendments to commonly charged federal felonies. It works like the "versions" feature on Westlaw, with the addition of a redline/strikeout view of the precise changes. These views can be important in interpreting case law, since they allow you to see at a glance whether case holdings have been affected by subsequent amendments to the statute.

    To get started, click on one of the statute links in the menu at the top of this page, or keep reading to learn more about the application.

    How it works. Let's use 18 U.S.C. § 1029 as an example. When you click on the statute, the default view shows the date of the most recent revision (12/18/15) in bold, with the current text of the statute displayed below.

    You could then then click on the "show changes" link to see in redline/strikeout the changes that took effect on that date.

    Several other dates appear on the menu as links. For example, clicking on 11/02/02 displays 18 U.S.C. § 1029 as it was between November 2, 2002, and December 17, 2015. Click on the "show changes" link on that page to see the changes that occurred on December 18, 2015.

    Clicking on a "Pub.L." link on the menu navigates to a page that has the actual legislation for the selected date.

    The trialdex Federal Crimes Statute Tracker is intended to show recent amendments and help you understand the changes, but it does not cover legislative changes that occurred before the 1990s. To see the complete history of any particular statute, click on the most recent date on the list, and then click on (expand).

    Where to go next. The trialdex Federal Crimes Statute Tracker is intended to let you quickly identify and see in context amendments to commonly charged federal felonies, but it by no means covers every possible statutory issue. Sophisticated tools for researching legislative history are available at pay sites like Westlaw and Lexis, but you can get a lot done using resources available free on the Internet.

    • Start with Congress.gov. For example, to see all legislation regarding crime and law enforcement passed by the current (117th) Congress, go to the legislation page and check the following in the panel on the left side of the page: legislation under Limit Your Search, 117 under Congress, Became Law under Status of Legislation, and Crime and Law Enforcement under Subject-Policy Area.
    • Other Web sites with legislative history resources are linked in the LLSDC Legislative Source Book.
    • Search the jury instructions; links and a helpful search box are posted here. The annotations that accompany the instructions typically comment on the statute's history (among other things).
    • Read the applicable section of 360 Federal Crimes.

    OK; that last one is not free, but it is inexpensive, and buying a copy helps support the (otherwise absolutely free) trialdex Web site. 360 Federal Crimes is a field guide that covers the 360 most commonly charged federal crimes, including the elements, required mental states, defenses, definitions, DOJ policies, and sentence enhancements. There is a special emphasis on issues that are not apparent from the statutes, including Pinkerton liability, the Apprendi rule, the official restraint doctrine, the categorical approach, hub-and-spoke conspiracies, entrapment, and much more.